Native Plants for the SouthEast

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Red Buckeye
  • Other Common Names:
  • Scientific Name: Aesculus pavia Linnaeus var. pavia
    (Aesculus pavia Linnaeus)
    (Aesculus discolor Pursch)
  • Family: Sapindaceae (Soapberry Family); Genus Aesculus (Buckeye)
    Formerly in Hippocastanaceae (Horse Chestnut Family)
  • Radford et al. (1968): Aesculus pavia, Red Buckeye p. 691
  • Range in the US: TX to IL and eastward
  • Hardy in USDA Zones 4-8, according to Dirr (1990)
  • SE Nativity: Yes
  • Habit: Medium Tree
  • Sun: Shade-Part
  • Soil: Average-Moist; Wetland Plant
  • Germination:Plant immediately in a large pot or the ground before seed dries out. Plant the seed with the white 'iris' down and about an inch of soil above the top of the seed. Most will germinate before winter. Protect with a cage to prevent animals from digging up the large seed; it persists for at least a year attached to the seedling/sapling
  • Parentage: South Georgia

  • Comments: The first to flower in the season, Red Buckeye is a medium-size plant with impressive inflorescences during early to mid Spring. Plants flower during their second or third season. This accession is from southern Georgia. Although normally found in wetlands, it thrives in average soils.

    Uncommon to rare in abundance throughout its range. Listed as Threatened in Kentucky.

    Seed cannot be allowed to dry, so they are available only in October through November.
    Image by Wayne Hughes ©
    USDA-AEPAP Profile

    SAPAESPAVP Packet contains at least 7 sound seed
    If multiple packets are ordered, we may combine them into a single packet
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